Hemorrhoids or piles are the swollen blood vessels around the anus that causes pain and discomfort. According to Harvard Medical School, almost half of the population over the age of 50 experience symptoms of piles [http://www.health.harvard.edu/diseases-and-conditions/hemorrhoids_and_what_to_do_about_them]. The first question that arises when you have hemorrhoids is how long will it take to clear up. The answers largely depend on the severity of the condition and its position. To find the answer for how long do hemorrhoids last, let’s understand how they are formed and how different treatment methods can affect the time of recovery.
The lowest part of the rectum has a cluster of veins to assist bowel movement. These vessels become swollen due to the pressure while over-straining which is likely when you are constipated. Other factors that contribute excessive pressure on the area also leads to the development of piles. The main causes include
* Frequent diarrhea
* Sitting for longer to pass stools
* Excessive use of laxatives
* Inflammation of rectum
* Heredity factors
There are two types of hemorrhoids, the one that is found under the skin of the anal opening is called external hemorrhoid and those that are found at the mouth of the rectum are internal hemorrhoids. Regardless of the position of hemorrhoids, they can be extremely painful and interfere with your daily life in several ways.The symptoms of piles include
* A hard painful lump inside or outside the anal canal
* Redness, itching and swelling in the area surrounding anus
* A feeling of full bowels even after passing stools
* Blood with bowels
* Pain and mucus discharge while defecating
How Long do Hemorrhoids Last?
Usually, hemorrhoids persist for longer than expected but the duration greatly depends on many factors such as the severity, position of the swollen blood vessels, prevention and therapy. Treatment plays an essential role in determining the duration of the condition. If left untreated, hemorrhoids may remain lifelong causing severe pain and discomfort.
When you are suffering from hemorrhoids for the first time, it may heal faster with a little treatment. Small hemorrhoids may last for one to two weeks if proper care is taken. Pregnancy induced hemorrhoids may take longer until the baby is born and the pressure of the uterus on the veins of the anal cavity is reduced.
Large internal hemorrhoids that come out of the anal opening may take a few months time to show improvement with appropriate treatment. Laser and surgical treatments may reduce the symptoms and show a fast relief while most non-invasive treatments including prescribed hemorrhoids creams may take a few days to a few weeks time to reduce the symptoms of hemorrhoids.
Besides, making a few lifestyle changes such as consuming a fiber rich food, drinking plenty of water and avoiding any pressure to the area may also decide how long it will last.
How to Treat Hemorrhoids Fast
Treatment can considerably reduce the recovery time and help you get rid of piles fast. It is recommended to start the treatment as soon as you diagnose the problems. A delay can multiply the time of healing by making the condition worse. Here is how to deal with piles.
1. Change your eating habits
Poor eating habit is one of the biggest contributors to piles. Eating foods that are less in fiber can cause constipation and exert tremendous pressure on the anal cavity while passing the hard stools. Eating a fiber-rich food promotes easy movement of bowels and prevents constipation. Avoid eating stale and contaminated food as it may cause diarrhea and put a strain on the blood vessels near the anus. Drink lots of water to stay hydrated and promote digestion. It also helps in reducing constipation and eases hemorrhoids.
2. Avoid over-straining
Hemorrhoids can worsen if prevention is not followed as soon as you spot them. Avoid over-straining while passing the stools. This may aggravate the swelling in the blood vessels and may cause more pain. Defecate as soon as you feel the urge to do so, holding stools for longer may lay excessive pressure on the anal walls and increase the size of the lumps. Prevent yourself from rubbing and scratching the area. Avoid dry toilet paper to wipe over the lumps, instead use moistened paper towels to clean the area in a gentle way. Perfumed soaps may also aggravate the condition.
3.Try home remedies
The first line of action to soothe hemorrhoids are home remedies. Small lumps tend to vanish in a week with simple home remedies. Apply a cold compress to the affected area to relieve the pressure of blood. This will instantly reduce the swelling and pain. Witch hazel is also an effective remedy for reducing pain, itching and swelling related to piles. A warm water soak also relaxes the irritated blood vessels providing relief from pain. Tea tree oil has an anti-inflammatory action that may help reduce the symptoms. Apply a drop of diluted tea tree oil on the painful lumps. Use aloe vera gel to soothe the area and stop itching. Besides, diluted apple cider vinegar is also known to treat hemorrhoids naturally.
3. Get over the counter hemorrhoid creams
Over the counter hemorrhoid creams and suppository can help in relieving pain instantly. They numb the area and reduces the pain. Check for ingredients like witch hazel, hydrocortisone or lidocaine. You may also take over the counter oral painkillers to reduce pain if it becomes unbearable.
4. Seek professional help
If home remedies and lifestyle changes do not provide benefits, it is recommended to take medical help by consulting a doctor. This will prevent aggravation and your condition will improve faster. There are various procedures that provide complete relief from piles and allow a quick recovery. The procedures are usually performed by a certified surgeon in a hospital on an outpatient basis. The main options include rubber band litigation, laser treatment, surgical removal and staples. These methods are extensively used to help you get rid of medium to severe hemorrhoids in a few days time. But precautions must be taken to avoid them from developing back.
A regular exercise can considerably reduce hemorrhoids by improving the circulation of blood in the anal area. Performing light exercises such as walking and swimming may help in reducing the recovery time. Kegels also tone the pelvic muscles and are great for internal hemorrhoids. Stretching exercises like yoga can be highly beneficial in promoting quick recovery by relaxing the blood vessels and easing the pain.
In view of the above facts, you will be able to know how long do hemorrhoids last depending on the type, severity and treatment options. In a nutshell, negligence can aggravate the condition and it may take longer than usual for hemorrhoids to fade out. Therefore it is essential to start the treatment as soon as you spot the issue.